Peripheral neuropathy is damage that has been sustained to the peripheral nervous system and has a multitude of causes.  There are a number of separate types of neuropathy; classified dependent on the nerves affected, and the exact method in which the nerves have been injured.

Neuropathy is very common for individuals to suffer due to the vast number of causes, and ranges in severity based on what has transpired. The methods that most often lead to peripheral neuropathies are as a result of systemic illness or localized trauma.

What is the most common cause of Peripheral neuropathy?

The cause of neuropathy in the peripheral system most commonly seen is the result of the body being under the effects of systemic illness for a lengthy period of time. The systemic illnesses that most often contribute to neuropathy are diabetes, lupus, and other autoimmune disorders. Diabetes causes this damage in a progressively worsening factor due to the imbalance in blood sugar within the body taxing the nerves over time. Diabetic neuropathy is the name given to this pattern of nerve degeneration.

What else can cause Peripheral neuropathy?

Another major cause of neuropathy, most often seen is cases of mononeuropathy, is to have the location containing the nerve physically compressed until the blood flow has been cut off from it. This most commonly occurs when an individual has remained in one position too long, and can be found in cases as simple as a “sleeping limb” producing a “pins and needles” feeling. While this can be easily remedied by changing positions, it has the potential to develop into a more serious case if blood flow cannot be re-established.

Can diet affect Peripheral neuropathy?

Peripheral neuropathy can also be caused by diet choice, occurring as a result of vitamin deficiency. Neuropathy damage can be suffered when the body is lacking vitamin A, E, B1, or B12, with these deficiencies commonly occurring as a result of long term alcoholism or drug use. Inflammatory and genetic diseases can develop as well with shingles and HIV as notable causes.

Is Peripheral neuropathy always biological?

In opposition to the biological causes, there are numerous physical ways for the nerve to become damaged. This is due to physical trauma suffered as a result of compression of the nerve(as mentioned above), electrical discharge (seen within lightning strike victims), blood flow obstruction as the result of a stroke, and as a potential result from projectile injuries that hit one or more nerves. Many of the physical traumas that cause nerve damage occur as a result of sports injuries, automobile accidents, or falls.

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